Yellow pine is a subgroup within the pine family containing a list of “hard” pines. White color and anatomically they are similar to white pines, these species will normally have a slightly higher strength, density, and weight when compared to the white pine subspecies. Durability wise neither species does exceptionally well outdoors without a weatherproofing treatment, and both are prone to some form of cracks or twists. Like white pine, yellow pine would benefit from a wood sealer before applying stains, but otherwise works, glues, and finishes well. This group of species is also extensively used within the construction building industry throughout the country. The Janka hardness for most yellow pine species is around 450, and weight will be closer to 4 pounds per board foot.
VARIATIONS AND OPTIONS
4/4 refers to lumber that was cut at 1 inch thickness
15/16ths has been skip planed (a majority of the surfacing work has been done, there may be a few spots that are still rough, but the grain of the particular piece of wood should be visible)
13/16ths is commonly called finish planed. This should be ready for sanding and finish
Ripped 1 edge is lumber that has been run through a straight-line rip saw. This allows for easy squaring on a table saw.
Sanded refers to a select few lumber options that have been run through a belt sander and are 100% finish ready.
5/4 lumber was sawn at 1.25 inches in thickness.
6/4 lumber was sawn at 1.5 inches in thickness.
8/4 lumber was sawn at 2 inches in thickness.
10/4 lumber was sawn at 2.5 inches in thickness.
12/4 lumber was sawn at 3 inches in thickness.